• 2018 봄 학술논문발표회 및 정기총회(2018 KPS Spring Meeting)
  • 2018-04-25 - 2018-04-27

C7.04*

Long-range Coulomb Interaction effects on Topological Phase Transitions between Semi-metals and Insulators

한상은 1, 문은국* 1

1한국과학기술원 물리학과

egmoon@kaist.ac.kr

Abstract:

Topological states may be protected by a lattice symmetry in a class of topological semi-metals. In three spatial dimensions, the Berry flux around gapless excitations in momentum space defines a chirality concretely, so a protecting symmetry may be referred to as a chiral symmetry. Prime examples include Dirac semi-metal (DSM) in a distorted spinel, BiZnSiO4, protected by a mirror symmetry and DSM in Na3Bi, protected by a rotational symmetry. In these states, topology and a chiral symmetry are intrinsically tied. In this work, we investigate characteristics interplay between a chiral symmetry order parameter and instantaneous long-range Coulomb interaction with the standard renormalization group method. We show that a topological transition associated with a chiral symmetry is stable under the presence of the Coulomb interaction and the electron velocity always becomes faster than one of a chiral symmetry order parameter. Thus, the transition must not be relativistic, which implies a supersymmetry is intrinsically forbidden by the long-range Coulomb interaction. Asymptotically exact universal ratios of physical quantities such as energy gap ratio are obtained, and connections with experiments and recent theoretical proposals are also discussed.   

Keywords:

Long-range Coulomb Interaction effects, topological phase transition, topological semi-metal, dirac semi-metals, chiral symmetry